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Studies on diversity, distribution, and conservation of the bat fauna in Maharashtra State, India

Author:

Vishakha S Korad

Fergusson College, Pune, Maharashtra, IN
About Vishakha
Department of Zoology
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Abstract

Maharashtra state is the third largest by area in India. Maharashtra’s bat fauna comprises eight families, 23 genera, and 41 species, most of which are insectivorous microchiropterans. Eleven of the 41 bat species are found throughout the state whereas 21 species have few colonies with restricted distribution. Five species endemic to South Asia occur in the state. Maharashtra is separated into six divisions in this paper on the basis of geography, topography, and agro-climatic conditions; the presence of bat species and their roosting sites are reported per division. The IUCN status of bat species is listed, as well as endemism. Types of forests in the state and forest cover in each of the six divisions are considered for discussion in the context of bat distribution. Bat species richness and evenness are compared using the Shannon-Weaver (S-W) Index and Simpson’s indices (Reciprocal and Diversity). The results are discussed from the viewpoint of conservation of bat fauna in forest areas in general and the Western Ghats region of the state in particular.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4038/tapro.v6i1.7083

TAPROBANICA, 2014. Vol. 06, No. 01: pp. 32-45

DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/tapro.v6i1.7083
How to Cite: Korad, V.S., (2014). Studies on diversity, distribution, and conservation of the bat fauna in Maharashtra State, India. TAPROBANICA: The Journal of Asian Biodiversity. 6(1), pp.32–45. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/tapro.v6i1.7083
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Published on 28 Jun 2014.
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